Authors: Dongil, AB; Conesa, JM; Pastor-Perez, L; Sepulveda-Escribano, A; Guerrero-Ruiz, A; Rodriguez-Ramos, I

Article; Early Access.
Catal. Sci. Technol.. vol: . page: 2044-4753.
Date: . .
Doi: 10.1039/d1cy00410g.

The carbothermal synthesis of monometallic and bimetallic molybdenum carbide and copper, supported on high surface area graphite (H), has been studied by in situ XRD, XPS, D-2-TPD, TEM/STEM, TG-mass spectrometry, and N-2 adsorption. The catalysts were prepared using H-2 at 600 degrees C or 700 degrees C and tested in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol. Molybdenum carbide and oxycarbide phases were obtained, as well as hydride species, at 600 degrees C on both monometallic MoxC/H and bimetallic CuMoxC/H in a similar proportion. Upon increasing the temperature up to 700 degrees C, the formation of metallic Mo is favourable. Although this is observed on supported MoxC and CuMoxC, the bimetallic sample is less affected by the formation of the hydride, and molybdenum carbide is also observed upon treatment at 700 degrees C. With regards to the catalytic performance, supported monometallic copper was not active, but copper increased the activity and selectivity of the molybdenum carbide. The yield of methanol per catalyst’s weight increases upon increasing the copper loading, indicating that a cooperation reaction takes place between the smallest Cu particles in contact with the molybdenum phase. The catalysts synthesized at 700 degrees C are less active and less selective to methanol favouring the reverse water gas shift under the studied conditions. Interestingly, the catalysts are stable under the reaction conditions, and the detected phases by XRD of the spent catalysts suggest that the hydride species favoured transformations involving MoOxCyHz <-> beta-Mo2C..