Authors: Perez-Rizquez, C; Lopez-Tejedor, D; Plaza-Vinuesa, L; de las Rivas, B; Munoz, R; Cumella, J; Palomo, JM

Coatings. vol: 9. page: 2079-6412.
Date: MAY. 2019.
Doi: 10.3390/coatings9050311.

Three novel glycosidases produced from Lactobacillus plantarum, so called Lp_0440, Lp_2777, and Lp_3525, were isolated and overexpressed on Escherichia coli containing a His-tag for specific purification. Their specific activity was evaluated against the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenylglycosides and p-nitrophenyl-6-phosphate glycosides (glucose and galactose) at pH 7. All three were modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) following two strategies: A simple coating by direct incubation at alkaline pH or direct chemical modification at pH 6.8 through preactivation of HA with carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) at pH 4.8. The modifications exhibited important effect on enzyme activity and specificity against different glycopyranosides in the three cases. Physical modification showed a radical decrease in specific activity on all glycosidases, without any significant change in enzyme specificity toward monosaccharide (glucose or galactose) or glycoside (C-6 position free or phosphorylated). However, the surface covalent modification of the enzymes showed very interesting results. The glycosidase Lp_0440 showed low glycoside specificity at 25 degrees C, showing the same activity against p-nitrophenyl-glucopyranoside (pNP-Glu) or p-nitrophenyl-6-phosphate glucopyranoside (pNP-6P-Glu). However, the conjugated cHA-Lp_0440 showed a clear increase in the specificity towards the pNP-Glu and no activity against pNP-6P-Glu. The other two glycosidases (Lp_2777 and Lp_3525) showed high specificity towards pNP-6P-glycosides, especially to the glucose derivative. The HA covalent modification of Lp_3525 (cHA-Lp_3525) generated an enzyme completely specific against the pNP-6P-Glu (phosphoglycosidase) maintaining more than 80% of the activity after chemical modification. When the temperature was increased, an alteration of selectivity was observed. Lp_0440 and cHA-Lp_0440 only showed activity against p-nitrophenyl-galactopyranoside (pNP-Gal) at 40 degrees C, higher than at 25 degrees C in the case of the conjugated enzyme..