Authors: Fernandez-Morales, JM; Castillejos, E; Asedegbega-Nieto, E; Dongil, AB; Rodriguez-Ramos, I; Guerrero-Ruiz, A

Article.
Nanomaterials. vol: 10. page: .
Date: JUN. 2020.
Doi: 10.3390/nano10061235.

Abstract:
Dimerization of isobutene (IBE) to C(8s)olefins was evaluated over a range of solid acid catalysts of diverse nature, in a fixed bed reactor working in a continuous mode. All catalytic materials were studied in the title reaction performed between 50-250 degrees C, being the reaction feed a mixture of IBE/helium (4:1 molar ratio). In all materials, both conversion and selectivity increased with increasing reaction temperature and at 180 degrees C the best performance was recorded. Herein, we used thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) and temperature programmed desorption of adsorbed ammonia (NH3-TPD) for catalysts characterization. We place emphasis on the nature of acid sites that affect the catalytic performance. High selectivity to C(8s)was achieved with all catalysts. Nicely, the catalyst with higher loading of Bronsted sites displayed brilliant catalytic performance in the course of the reaction (high IBE conversion). However, optimum selectivity towards C(8)compounds led to low catalyst stability, this being attributed to the combined effect between the nature of acidic sites and structural characteristics of the catalytic materials used. Therefore, this study would foment more research in the optimization of the activity and the selectivity for IBE dimerization reactions..