Authors: Mayer, SF; Falcon, H; Dipaola, R; Ribota, P; Moyano, L; Morales-delaRosa, S; Mariscal, R; Campos-Martin, JM; Alonso, JA; Fierro, JLG

Article; Proceedings Paper.
Mol. Catal.. vol: 481. page: 2468-8231.
Date: FEB. 2020.
Doi: 10.1016/j.mcat.2018.12.025.

The pyrochlores (H3O)(x)SbxTe(2-x)O6 (x = 1, 1.1 and 1.25) obtained by ion exchange from KxSbxTe(2-x)O6 oxides were used as catalysts for the conversion of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in H2O/Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK). The structure of the resulting compounds as well as the location of the H3O+ units inside the three-dimensional network, were determined by XRD from powder samples. The effect of factors such as reaction time and temperature on the formation of HMF was studied. A fructose conversion of 99% and a yield of 59% were achieved after 120 min of reaction time and at 150 degrees C temperature. The percentage of substitution of the cations Sb and Te in the position B of the pyrochlore was determinant to achieve the maximum incorporation of H3O+ ions in the pyrochlore structure, which allowed to correlate the density of acidic sites present in the materials and their catalytic activity..