Authors: de Santos, PG; Cervantes, FV; Tieves, F; Plou, FJ; Hollmann, F; Alcalde, M

Tetrahedron. vol: 75. page: 0040-4020.
Date: mar-29. 2019.
Doi: 10.1016/j.tet.2019.02.013.

By mimicking the role of human liver P450 monooxygenases, fungal unspecific peroxygenases (UPOs) can perform a range of highly selective oxyfunctionalization reactions on pharmacological compounds, including O-dealkylations and hydroxylations, thereby simulating drug metabolism. Here we have benchmarked human drug metabolite (HDM) synthesis by several evolved UPO mutants, focusing on dextromethorphan, naproxen and tolbutamide. The HDM from dextromethorphan was prepared at the semi-preparative scale as a proof of production. The structural analysis of mutations involved in the synthesis of HDMs highlights the heme access channel as the main feature on which to focus when designing evolved UPOs. These variants are becoming emergent tools for the cost-effective synthesis of HDMs from next-generation drugs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved..