Authors: Morellon-Sterling, R; Siar, E; Braham, SA; de Andrades, D; Pedroche, J; Millan, MD; Fernandez-Lafuente, R

Article.
J. Biotechnol.. vol: 329. page: 0168-1656.
Date: mar-10. 2021.
Doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2021.02.005.

Abstract:
Trypsin, chymotrypsin, penicillin G acylase and ficin extract have been stabilized by immobilization on glyoxyl agarose, adding different aliphatic compounds bearing a primary amine group during the immobilization: ethyl amine, butyl amine, hexyl amine (at concentrations ranging from 0 to 20 mM) and octyl amine (from 0 to 10 mM) to analyze their effects on the immobilized enzyme stability. As expected, the presence of amines reduced the intensity of the enzyme-support multipoint covalent attachment, and therefore the enzyme stability. However, it is clear that this effect is higher using octyl amine for all enzymes (in some cases the enzyme immobilized in the presence of 10 mM octyl amine was almost inactivated while the reference kept over 50 % of the initial activity). This way, it seems that the most important effect of the presence of aminated compounds came from the generation of steric hindrances to the enzyme/support multi-reaction promoted by the ammines that are interacting with the aldehyde groups. In some instances, just 1 mM of aminated compounds is enough to greatly decrease enzyme stability. The results suggested that, if the composition of the enzyme extract is un-known, to eliminate small aminated compounds may be necessary to maximize the enzyme-support reaction..