Authors: Morales, MD; Infantes-Molina, A; Lazaro-Martinez, JM; Romanelli, GP; Pizzio, LR; Rodriguez-Castellon, BE

Article.
Mol. Catal.. vol: 485. page: 2468-8231.
Date: APR. 2020.
Doi: 10.1016/j.mcat.2020.110842.

Abstract:
Solid acid catalysts were successfully prepared using mesoporous silica (MESOSI) as support and tungstophosphoric acid (KTPA) as active phase, which was incorporated by impregnation (MESOSI#KTPA) and inclusion (MESOSI@KTPA). TEM (transmission electron microscopy) images of MESOSI samples revealed the presence of mesopores (worm-like structured) and well-defined pore channels. XRD patterns of MESOSI#KTPA samples showed small crystals of H3PW12O40 center dot 6H(2)O that were not present in the MESOSI@KTPA materials. The specific surface area of the MESOSI modified with KTPA decreases with the increment of the heteropolyacid content. P-31 NMR and FT-IR characterizations confirmed the existence of undegraded [H3-xPW12O40](x-) and [PW12O40](3-) anions interacting with the (math)Si-OH(2)(+)groups of MESOSI. Potentiometric titration results showed that both acid strength and number of acid sites increased with the KTPA loading in MESOSI@KTPA and MESOSI@KTPA samples. Moreover, the acidic properties of MESOSI#KTPA materials were remarkably higher than those of MESOSI@KTPA. The catalysts prepared were highly active, selective and reusable in the solvent-free synthesis of 3H-1,5-benzodiazepine from 1,2-phenylenediamine and 1,3-dipheny1-1,3-propanedione..