Autores: Retuerto, M; Pascual, L; Pique, O; Kayser, P; Salam, MA; Mokhtar, M; Alonso, JA; Pena, M; Calle-Vallejo, F; Rojas, S
J. Mater. Chem. A. vol: 9. page: 2050-7488.
Fecha: 10-mar. 2021.
In view of iridium’s scarceness and high cost, Ir-containing catalysts for water electrolyzers should have low loadings and maximal utilization. Here, we studied low-Ir-content, highly active, double perovskites (Sr2MIrO6, M = Ni, Co, Sc and Fe) for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in acid combining electrochemical experiments, DFT, and advanced characterization techniques. The initial OER performance depends on Ir’s oxidation state and the geometric features of IrO6 frameworks, which are tuned by the choice of M. Higher oxidation states, particularly Ir6+, enhance the OER activity: Sr2NiIrO6 and Sr2CoIrO6 display potentials of similar to 1.53 V at 10 mA cm(-2), comparable to the best Ir-based catalysts in the literature. However, because of their less symmetric structures, perovskites with Ir6+ are less stable, prone to surface reconstruction and their cations leach under OER conditions. These results show that improved iridium-based OER electrocatalysts in acid can be designed by balancing their activity and stability..