Authors: Mastronardo, E; Qian, X; Coronado, JM; Haile, SM
J. Energy Storage. vol: 40. page: .
Date: AUG. 2021.
Recently, CaMnO3 has been proposed as a promising candidate for high temperature thermochemical heat storage. The material reversibly releases oxygen in response to changes in oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)) in the temperature range (800-1000 degrees C) suitable for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants. However, it undergoes decomposition at pO(2) < 0.008 atm and at temperature >= 1100 degrees C, limiting its value. In this study, doping with La on the A-site (10 and 30 cat%) was explored as an approach for tuning thermochemical behavior (i.e. reaction enthalpy, reaction entropy, reaction extent, reduction onset temperature, and thermal stability). The thermodynamic properties were determined from mass loss measurements at selected pO(2). Both 10 and 30 cat% La stabilized the base oxide against decomposition up to 1200 degrees C at pO(2)=0.008 atm, providing access to higher operating temperatures. At 10 cat% La, both the reaction enthalpy and the reaction entropy increased, whereas both decreased at the 30 cat% doping level. The chemical heat storage capacity of Ca0.9La0.1MnO3 (similar to 265 kJ/kg(ABO3)) was found to be comparable to that of undoped CaMnO3, which is in turn much higher than that of Ca0.7La0.3MnO3 (similar to 97 kJ/kg(ABO3)) and slightly lower than was previously reported for CaMn0.9Fe0.1O3 under similar conditions. The differences between the heat storage capacities of these materials can be fully understood in terms of the differences in the enthalpies and entropies of reduction. Entropy is not a metric usually considered when estimating the thermochemical storage capacity of a material, but it is an essential property because, as discussed here, the reaction extent depends monotonically on this term. Accordingly, materials with large entropy of reduction and intermediate enthalpy of reduction, where the latter metric represents a compromise between the heat per mole of reacted oxide and reaction extent, are desirable for chemical heat storage applications..