Autores: Garcia-Perez, D; Lopez-Garcia, A; Renones, P; Alvarez-Galvan, MC; Campos-Martin, JM
Mol. Catal.. vol: 529. page: 2468-8231.
Fecha: AUG. 2022.
Heterogeneous catalysts based on alumina-supported tungsten oxides (15 wt% W) with different loadings of nickel (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 wt% Ni) were selected to study the influence of Ni loading on the hydroisomerization of n-dodecane. The catalysts were prepared by applying the wetness impregnation method on the supports to introduce W and Ni. The characterization techniques applied for determining physicochemical properties of the catalysts were N-2 adsorption-desorption at 77 K (textural properties), X-ray diffraction (structure and crystalline phases), H-2-TPR (redox properties), FTIR, NH3-TPD (acid sites analyses) and XPS (chemical surface analysis). The catalytic properties of such catalysts were found to be crucial in the n-dodecane conversion. The NH3-TPD profiles indicate that the medium acid sites are the main sites responsible for the reaction performance. The formation of bulky crystal structures of nickel species in the high nickel loading catalyst (10 wt% Ni) was confirmed by XRD and XPS results, resulting in the largest cracking activity. The conversion of n-dodecane and selectivity to i-C-12+branched C-12 tend to increase with Ni loading until the catalyst contains 6 wt% Ni (28% n-C-12 conversion and 94% of branched C-12 selectivity). The lower selectivity at high nickel loading is due to metal-based cracking reaction. An optimum balance between metal and acid centers is needed to achieve a compromise between conversion and selectivity, avoiding or minimizing cracking reactions..