Autores: Bao, CS; Serrano-Lotina, A; Niu, MS; Portela, R; Li, YX; Lim, KH; Liu, PW; Wang, WJ; Banares, MA; Wang, QY
Chem. Eng. J.. vol: 466. page: 1385-8947.
Fecha: jun-15. 2023.
Microwave-assisted synthesis has attracted wide attention as an efficient and energy-saving synthesis strategy due to its unique heating mechanism. Environmental catalysts prepared via microwave heating process typically exhibit uniform crystal size with desired morphology, porous structure and interfacial properties, which are important for the catalytic remediation of air pollution. This review first summarizes the principles of microwave heating, followed by the characteristics of the obtained catalysts. The research progress of representative materials (e.g., supported metal catalysts, metal oxides, and porous carbon materials) in the treatment of gaseous pollutants are then categorized in detail. Meanwhile, this review compiles the recent research outputs of air pollutants remediation by environmental catalysts from the perspective of features and reaction pathways facilitated by microwave-assisted synthesis. It demonstrates that microwave-assisted heating can not only improve the synthesis efficiency and the catalytic activity but also modify the selectivity by tuning the catalyst properties. Finally, the use of microwave irradiation to activate environmental catalytic reactions is reviewed, as the application of microwaves can lead to significant improvements due to the possibility of delivering energy directly to the catalytic materials. Nevertheless, challenges remain in the development of highly active and efficient catalyst to realize its practical application. These, together with prospects on the development of environmental catalysts using microwave techniques are provided for enlightening the future of this field of research..