Authors: Lu, P; Gomez-Hortiguela, L; Camblor, MA
Chem.-Eur. J.. vol: 25. page: 0947-6539.
Date: JAN 28. 2019.
As the spacer length in 1,2-dimethylimidazolium-based dications increases beyond a specific point (six methylene units), they fail in structure-directing towards STW zeolites in any synthetic conditions. These dications can instead produce, under fluoride concentrated conditions, either *BEA [in the case of the eight-methylene-unit structure-directing agent (SDA)] or MWW (ten methylene units) zeolites. For any length of the dication, the default zeolite (MTW) is a relatively dense zeolite containing a unidimensional channel, whereas the zeolite demanding most specificity (STW, *BEA or MWW) is more porous, affording a larger concentration of the dication to be occluded. This work provides the first reported fluoride synthesis of pure silica MWW zeolites. Charge balance of the organic dications in this zeolite was achieved by combining “structural” silanolates, regular “connectivity defects” and occluded fluoride. Molecular mechanics calculations showed a perfect fit of the decamethylenebis(dimethylimidazolium) dication in the sinusoidal intralayer pore system of MWW. The calculations showed also that the dication is able to stabilize the interlayer space without disturbing the hydrogen-bonding system that holds the layers together in the as-made material. The F-19 magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR presented two distinct resonances at -71 and -83 ppm, which, on the basis of DFT calculations, we tentatively assigned to fluoride occluded in [4(6)6(2)] and [4(1)5(2)6(2)] cages of the MWW structure, respectively. The same DFT study determines a different chemical shift of one methyl C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance according to the imidazolium ring residing in the sinusoidal channels or in the large cup cavities, thus explaining an experimentally observed splitting of that resonance..