Authors: Bargiela, R; Lanthaler, K; Potter, CM; Ferrer, M; Yakunin, AF; Paizs, B; Golyshin, PN; Golyshina, OV

Microorganisms. vol: 8. page: .
Date: MAY. 2020.
Doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8050759.

The archaeon Cuniculiplasma divulgatum is ubiquitous in acidic environments with low-to-moderate temperatures. However, molecular mechanisms underlying its ability to thrive at lower temperatures remain unexplored. Using mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics, we analysed the effect of short-term (3 h) exposure to cold. The C. divulgatum genome encodes 2016 protein-coding genes, from which 819 proteins were identified in the cells grown under optimal conditions. In line with the peptidolytic lifestyle of C. divulgatum, its intracellular proteome revealed the abundance of proteases, ABC transporters and cytochrome C oxidase. From 747 quantifiable polypeptides, the levels of 582 proteins showed no change after the cold shock, whereas 104 proteins were upregulated suggesting that they might be contributing to cold adaptation. The highest increase in expression appeared in low-abundance (0.001-0.005 fmol%) proteins for polypeptides’ hydrolysis (metal-dependent hydrolase), oxidation of amino acids (FAD-dependent oxidoreductase), pyrimidine biosynthesis (aspartate carbamoyltransferase regulatory chain proteins), citrate cycle (2-oxoacid ferredoxin oxidoreductase) and ATP production (V type ATP synthase). Importantly, the cold shock induced a substantial increase (6% and 9%) in expression of the most-abundant proteins, thermosome beta subunit and glutamate dehydrogenase. This study has outlined potential mechanisms of environmental fitness of Cuniculiplasma spp. allowing them to colonise acidic settings at low/moderate temperatures..