The Group for Molecular Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts carries out scientific research to solve present technologic problems of high social impact. From this standpoint, the environmental problems, principally the catalytic removal of atmospheric harmful gases and waste water treatments, are broached through the design and development of efficient solid catalysts. C1 chemistry concepts are being applied to the obtention of basic chemical compounds, e.g. hydrocarbons or syngas. The production and storage of hydrogen are tackled with CO free processes and application of membrane reactors. The synthesis of specific chemical compounds (Fine Chemistry) is carried out with highly selective catalysts, as in hydrogenation reactions. Our projects of large-scale production of pure carbon nanotubes and graphenes can be catalogued of immediate technologic application. In these studies a great variety of techniques and experimental methodologies are usually applied, in which it can be pointed out: spectroscopic techniques (Mössbauer, FTIR, XPS, XANES), thermal analysis (microcalorimetry, TG, TPR, TPD), analytical techniques (gas chromatography, mass spectrometry), electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Finally, the study of surface processes and reaction mechanisms is carried using isotopicallly labeled molecules, e.g. in a Temporal Analysis of Products reactor (TAP-2).

WEB site of the group:


Inmaculada Rodríguez Ramos – Group leader

María Virtudes Morales Vargas – Staff

Conesa Alonso, José María – Staff

Ana Belén Dongil de Pedro – Staff

Damarys Haidee Carrales Alvarado– Staff


“Valorising biorefinery byproducts by high purity hydrogen production”,  Financial Organization: Spanish MINECO; Reference: CTQ2017-89443-C3-3-R; 2018-2021

“C02 valorization to hydrocarbons and alcohols through heterogeneous catalysis. Towards a rational design of transition metal carbides and nitrides nanoparticles”, Financial Organization: Spanish CSIC; Reference: LINKA20211; 2020-2021

“Natural biobased materials for CO2 valorization through heterogeneous catalysis. Towards negative CO2 emissions”, Financial Organization: Spanish CSIC; Reference: COOPB20487; 2021-2022

“Biomass and CO2 valorisation to high value added chemicals”, Financial Organization: H2020-MSCA-RISE-2020; Reference: 101008058 — BIOALL; 2021-2025


Catalytic Reforming of Methane Over Ni–La2O3 and Ni–CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by Sol-Gel Method
Nora Yahi, Kahina Kouachi, Hanane Akram, I. Rodriguez-Ramos
Advances in Renewable Hydrogen and Other Sustainable Energy Carriers (Abdallah Khellaf, Ed.) Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., 2021, pp. 47-54  .

Carbothermal generated copper-molybdenum carbide supported on graphite for the CO2 hydrogenation to methanol
A.B. Dongil, J.M. Conesa, L. Pastor-Pérez, A. Sepúlveda-Escribano, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Science and Technology (2021)

Taking advantage of sulfur impurities present in commercial carbon nanofibers to generate selective palladium catalysts
M.V. Morales, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, E. Castillejos, E. Asedegbega-Nieto, I.  Rodríguez-Ramos
Carbon, 157 (2020) 120.

Comparison of Pd and Pd4S Based Catalysts for Partial Hydrogenation of External and Internal Butynes
Yanan Liu, Yinwen Li, James A Anderson, Junting Feng, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Alan John McCue, Dianqing Li
Journal of Catalysis, 383 (2020) 51-59.

Cu and Pd nanoparticles supported on a graphitic carbon material as bifunctional HER/ORR electrocatalysts
M. Nunes, D.M. Fernandes, M. V. Morales, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, C. Freire
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 279-290.

Effect of Mo promotion on the activity and selectivity of Ru/Graphite catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
J.L. Eslava, E. Gallegos-Suárez, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 185-192.

Optimization of Cu-Ni-Mn-catalysts for the conversion of ethanol to butanol
C. Lopez-Olmos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 132-142.

Tracking the paths for the sucrose transformations over bifunctional Ru-POM/AC catalysts
N. García-Bosch, C. Especel, A. Guerrero Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 113-121.

Ru nanoparticles supported on N-doped reduced graphene oxide as valuable catalyst for the selective aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol
C.S. Ramirez-Barria, M. Isaacs, C. Parlett, K. Wilson, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 8-14.

Reductive degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid using Pd/carbon with adsorption/catalysis bifunctional roles
E. Castillejos, A. Esteban-Arranz, B. Bachiller-Baeza, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Catalysis Today, 357 (2020) 361-367.

Adsorption capacity of different types of carbon nanotubes towards metronidazole and dimetridazole antibiotics from aqueous solutions: effect of morphology and surface chemistry
Damarys H. Carrales-Alvarado, Roberto Leyva-Ramos, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Esmeralda Mendoza-Mendoza, Adriana E. Moral-Rodríguez
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27 (2020) 17123-17137.

Effect of surface area and physical-chemical properties of graphite and graphene-based materials on their adsorption capacity towards metronidazole and trimethoprim antibiotics in aqueous solution
D.H. Carrales-Alvarado, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, R. Leyva-Ramos, E. Mendoza-Mendoza, D.E. Villela-Martínez
Chemical Engineering Journal, 402 (2020) 126155-126166.

Selective hydrogen production from formic acid decomposition over Mo carbides supported on carbon materials
D.H. Carrales-Alvarado, A.B. Dongil, J.M. Fernández-Morales, M. Fernández-García, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Science and Technology, 10 (2020) 6790-6799.

Comparative Study of Different Acidic Surface Structures in Solid Catalysts Applied for the Isobutene Dimerization Reaction
José M. Fernández-Morales, Eva Castillejos, Esther Asedegbega-Nieto,
Ana Belén Dongil, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos and Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz
Nanomaterials, 10 (2020) 1235.

Continuous catalytic condensation of ethanol into 1-butanol: the role of metallic oxides (M= MgO, BaO, ZnO and MnO) in Cu-M/graphite catalyst
Cristina Lopez-Olmos, María V. Morales, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 59 (2020) 1626-1636.

Application of New Nanoparticle Structures as Catalysts (Editorial)
Antonio Guerrero Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Nanomaterials, 10 (2020) 1686; doi:10.3390/nano10091686

Clean 3,4-Dihydropyrimidones Synthesis via Biginelli Reaction over Supported Molybdenum: Structural and Textural Characteristic of αMoO3
Ouzna Kheffache, Cristina Lopez-Olmos, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Ouiza Cherifi
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 15 (2020) 698-713; doi: 10.9767/bcrec.15.3.8264.698-713

Conversion of succinic acid over Ni and Co catalysts
M. Rojas, X. Zarate, R.I. Canales, A.B. Dongil, C. Pazo, M. Saavedra-Torres, N. Escalona,
Catalysis Today, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.cattod.2020.04.067

Insights in supported rhenium carbide catalysts for hydroconversion of lignin-derived compounds
E. Blanco, A.B. Dongil, J.L. García-Fierro, N. Escalona,
Applied Catalysis A: General, 2020, 599, 117600-117616.

Effect of Cu and Cs in the β-Mo2C system for CO2 hydrogenation to Methanol
Ana Belén Dongil, Qi zhang, Laura Pastor-Pérez, Tomás Ramírez-Reina, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysts, 10 (2020) 1213; doi:10.3390/catal10101213

Synergy between Ni and Co Nanoparticles Supported on Carbon in Guaiacol Conversion
Elodie Blanco, Ana Belen Dongil, and Néstor Escalona
Nanomaterials, 10 (2020) 2199; doi:10.3390/nano10112199

Comparative study of Cu, Ag and Ag-Cu catalysts over graphite in the ethanol dehydrogenation reaction: catalytic activity, deactivation and regeneration
J.M. Conesa, M.V. Morales, C. López-Olmos, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Applied Catalysis A, General 576 (2019) 54-64.

Hydrogen Production by Formic Acid Decomposition over Ca Promoted Ni/SiO2 Catalysts: Effect of the Calcium Content
B. Faroldi, M. A. Paviotti, M. Camino-Manjarrés, S. González-Carrazán, C. López-Olmos and I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Nanomaterials, 9 (2019) 1516.

Cu-based N-doped/undoped graphene nanocomposites as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction
M. Nunes, D.M. Fernandes, M. V. Morales, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, C. Freire
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 49 (2019) 693-703.

Direct sulfation of a Zr-based Metal-Organic Framework to attain strong acid catalysts
José M. Fernández-Morales, Luis A. Lozano, Eva Castillejos-López, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, Juan M. Zamaro
Microporous & Mesoporous Materials, 290 (2019) 109686.

Recent Progress on Transition Metal Nitrides Nanoparticles as Heterogeneous Catalysts
A.B. Dongil
Nanomaterials, 9 (2019) 1111

Upgrading the Properties of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Nitrogen-Doped Reduced Graphene Oxide Produced by Thermal Reduction toward Effcient ORR Electrocatalysts
C.S. Ramirez-Barria, Diana M. Fernandes, Cristina Freire, Elvira Villaro-Abalos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Nanomaterials, 9 (2019) 1761.

Promoter effect of alkalis on CuO/CeO2/Carbon nanotubes systems for the PROx reaction
A.B. Dongil, B. Bachiller-Baeza, E. Castillejos-Lopez, N. Escalona, A. Guerrero-Ruiz and I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Today, 301 (2018) 141-146.

Cooperative action of heteropolyacids and carbon supported Ru catalysts for the conversion of cellulose
M. Almohalla, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, L.S. Ribeiro, J.J.M. Órfão, M.F.R. Pereira, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz
Catalysis Today, 301 (2018) 65-71.

When the nature of surface functionalities on modified carbon dominates the dispersion of palladium hydrogenation catalysts
E. Castillejos, A. M. García-Minguillán, B. Bachiller-Baeza, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Catalysis Today, 301 (2018) 248-257.

Effect of different promoter precursors in a model Ru-Cs/graphite system on the catalytic selectivity for Fischer-Tropsch reaction
José L. Eslava, Ana Iglesias-Juez, Marcos Fernández-García, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Applied Surface Science, 447 (2018) 307-314.

New Insights in the Development of Carbon Supported Ruthenium Catalysts for Hydrogenation of Levulinic Acid
Wenjing Song, M.Carmen Lozano-Martín, Esteban Gallegos-Suarez, Carolina Ramirez-Barria, Weizheng Weng, Xiaodong Yi, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Current Catalysis, 7 (2018) 129-137.

Polyoxotungstate@Carbon Nanocomposites as Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) Electrocatalysts
Diana M. Fernandes, Hugo C. Novais, Revathi Bacsa, Philippe Serp, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Cristina Freire
Langmuir, 34 (2018) 6376-6387.

Multifunctional Mixed Valence N-doped CNT@MFe2O4 Hybrid Nanomaterials: From Engineered One-Pot Coprecipitation to Application in Energy Storage Paper Supercapacitors
Clara Pereira, Rui S. Costa, Laury Lopes, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Pedro B. Tavares, Cristina Freire, André M. Pereira
Nanoscale, 10 (2018) 12820-12840.

Fructose transformations in ethanol using carbon supported polyoxometalate acidic solids for 5-Etoxymethylfurfural production
Nadia García-Bosch, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz
ChemCatChem, 10 (2018) 3746-3753.

Optimization of ruthenium based catalysts for the aqueous phase hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol
Carolina Ramirez-Barria, Mark Isaacs, Karen Wilson, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Applied Catalysis A: General, 563 (2018) 177-184.

Continuous gas phase condensation of bioethanol to 1‐butanol over bifunctional Pd/Mg and Pd/Mg‐carbon catalysts
Cristina López-Olmos, Maria Virtudes Morales, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Carolina Ramirez-Barria, Esther Asedegbega-Nieto, Inmaculada Rodriguez-Ramos
ChemSusChem, 11 (2018) 3502-3511.

Development of highly efficient Cu versus Pd catalysts supported on graphitic carbon materials for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol at room temperature
M.V. Morales, M. Rocha, C. Freire, E. Asedegbega-Nieto, E. Gallegos-Suarez, I. Rodríguez-Ramos and A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Carbon, 111 (2017) 150-161.

Effect of surfactant concentration on the morphology of MoxSy nanoparticles prepared by a solvothermal route
Hanane Akram, Cecilia Mateos-Pedrero, Esteban Gallegos-Suarez, Tarik Chafik, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz and Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Green Processing and Synthesis, 6 (2017) 161-171.

PMo11V@N-CNT electrochemical properties and its application as electrochemical sensor for determination of acetaminophen
Diana M. Fernandes, Marta Nunes, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Cristina Freire
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 21 (2017) 1059-1068.

Effect of the metal precursor on the catalytic performance of the Ru/KL system for the ethanol transformation reactions
M. Almohalla, E. Gallegos-Suárez, A. Arcoya, J. Alvarez Rodriguez, I. Rodriguez-Ramos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Applied Catalysis A: General, 535 (2017) 61-68.

Ruthenium particle size and cesium promotion effects in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over high-surface-area graphite supported catalysts
José L. Eslava, Xiaohui Sun, Jorge Gascon, Freek Kapteijn and Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos
Catalysis Science & Technology, 7 (2017) 1235-1244.

Comparative study of three heteropolyacids supported on carbon materials as catalysts for ethylene production from bioethanol
M. Almohalla, I. Rodríguez-Ramos and A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Catalysis Science & Technology, 7 (2017) 1892-1901.

Effect of Lanthanum promoter on the catalytic performance of Levulinic acid hydrogenation over Ru/Carbon fiber catalyst
Wenjing Song, Zhou Chen, Weikun Lai, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, Xiaodong Yi, Weizheng Weng and Weiping Fang

Understanding the role of oxygen surface groups; the key for a smart ruthenium-based carbon-supported heterogeneous catalyst design and synthesis
F.R. García-García, Esteban Gallegos-Suarez, M. Fernández-García, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez-Ramos
Applied Catalysis A: General, 544 (2017) 66-76.

Selective hydrogenation of mixed alkyne/alkene streams at elevated pressure over a palladium sulfide catalyst
Alan J. Mccue, Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz, Carolina Ramirez-Barria, Inmaculada  Rodríguez-Ramos, James A. Anderson
Journal of Catalysis, 355 (2017) 40-52.

Direct catalytic effect of nitrogen functional groups exposed on graphenic materials when acting cooperatively with Ru nanoparticles
C. Ramirez-Barria, C. López-Olmos, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, I. Rodríguez Ramos
RSC Advances, 7 (2017) 44568-44577.

Well-dispersed Rh nanoparticles with high activity for the dry reforming of methane
B. Faroldi, J. Múnera, J.M. Falivene, I. Rodríguez Ramos, A. Gutierrez García, L. Tejedor Fernández, S. Gonzalez Carrazán, L. Cornaglia
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (2017) 16127-16138.

CuPd Bimetallic Nanoparticles Supported on Magnesium Oxide as an Active and Stable Catalyst for the Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol
María V. Morales, José M. Conesa, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Ramos, Mariana Rocha, Cristina Freire and Antonio Guerrero-Ruiz
International Journal of Green Technology, 3 (2017) 51-62.


  • A. Guerrero-Ruiz, Eva Castillejos, Belén Bachiller-Baeza, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, M. Fernández-García, A. Iglesias-Juez. Procedimiento de obtención de nanopartículas de Pd soportadas en materiales de carbono y aplicación de las mismas en hidrogenación selectiva de poliolefinas e hidrocarburos acetilénicos. Patent P201400992, Spain, 2014. Holder Entitiy: UNED-CSIC.
  • M. Fernández-García, A. Kubacka, I. Rodríguez-Ramos, E. Gallegos-Suarez, A. Guerrero-Ruiz. Catalizador sólido ternario para la reacción de reformado de glicerol; procedimiento de preparación y utilización. Patent P201331786, Spain, 2013. Holder entity: UNED-CSIC
  • M. Fernández García, I. Rodríguez Ramos, A. Kubacka. Catalizador de M-Cu-Ce para la reaccion de desplazamiento de gas de agua (WGS). Patent: P 201131893, Spain 2011. Holder entity: CSIC